Shares Outstanding Formula Calculator Examples with Excel Template

How to Calculate Shares Outstanding

A 2-for-1 stock split, for example, will reduce the price of the stock by 50%, but also increase the number of shares outstanding by 2x. Market capitalization is calculated by multiplying the company’s share price by its shares outstanding. Corporations typically reserve shares under an equity incentive plan for future issuance to employees and other service providers in the form of stock options or other equity awards.

In the Netherlands, the Netherlands Authority for the Financial Markets provides on its website a register of issued capital. In Italy, the Commissione Nazionale per le Società e la Borsa provides on its website a register of issuers with latest total shares. For example, you can calculate a company’s earnings per share , a common metric used to compare companies’ performances. You can find a company’s earnings per share by dividing the company’s profit by its outstanding shares of common stock.

Earnings per share

Conversely, a company will generally embark on a reverse split or share consolidation to bring its share price into the minimum range necessary to satisfy exchange listing requirements. While the lower number of outstanding shares may hamper liquidity, it could also deter short sellers since it will be more difficult to borrow shares for short sales. Just because shares are outstanding doesn’t mean they’re open to the public. Some of stock available might be restricted, saved for specific executives, or otherwise protected. As long as it isn’t held within the company treasury though, it is still calculated with the rest of the shares outstanding. The shares outstanding is a figure worth knowing as it is a crucial component of properly calculating the earnings per share and understanding market capitalization.

How to Calculate Shares Outstanding

In this case, a high P/E ratio doesn’t always indicate the stock is overvalued. Conversely, a utility may offer stable earnings, but limited growth. A company in this industry usually has a relatively low P/E ratio. The market value per share formula is the total market value of a business, divided by the number of shares outstanding.

Market Value per Share

This will include all common and preferred shares issued to founder, investors, employees, etc. Any time the company issues shares, it must be approved by the board of directors.

  • Market cap is simply the total market value of all outstanding shares of the company.
  • Also, if a company has a certain capitalization, it may need issue a certain number of shares to create the desired value per share being issued.
  • Redeemable Shares – Shares that can be repurchased by the company at some point in the future.
  • Shares outstanding and treasury shares together amount to the number of issued shares.
  • Third, calculate the updated common share count after each change.
  • More specifically, treasury shares are the portion of shares that a company keeps in its treasury.

Once you have collected the total number of preferred shares, common shares outstanding, and treasury shares, you’re ready to do your calculation. It includes the authorized shares that were never issued and shares bought back from the market. Shares that form part of employee compensation or part of stock options are part of treasury stock.

Calculation of “Weighted Average Shares Outstanding”

It’s important to note that outstanding shares do not include treasury stock, which are shares that were once owned by investors that a corporation has repurchased. They also do not include preferred shares, which are stocks that do not carry shareholder voting rights, but do give their owners some ownership rights and pay a fixed dividend.

The term shares outstanding is defined as the total number of shares a company has issued to date, after subtracting the number of shares repurchased. Shares Outstanding represent all of the units of ownership issued by a company, excluding any shares repurchased by the issuer (i.e. treasury stock). When a corporation grants someone the right to buy shares later, such as granting a stock option to an employee, those shares are not yet issued and outstanding. The shares do not appear on the corporation’s stock ledger, and a person does not become a stockholder by holding them. If the option is exercised, however, the shares would then become issued and outstanding and the person would become a stockholder. Divide this altered number of shares by the second number in the stock split ratio. For example, a stock with a price of $100 per share and a $50 book value has a P/BV of 2.

Blue Chip Stocks

So, in this case, calculating the weighted average shares outstanding will ease the effect of the buyback at the end of the year. Alternatively, the total number of shares outstanding can be easily calculated as a company’s market capitalization, divided by the current share price. In other words, shares outstanding indicates the number of shares of a company available at the open market.

How to Calculate Shares Outstanding

In this case, the company has 800 outstanding shares and 200 treasury shares. A company’s outstanding shares can fluctuate for a number of reasons. Companies typically issue shares when they raise capital through an equity financing, or upon exercising employee stock options or other financial instruments. Outstanding shares will decrease if the company buys back its shares under a share How to Calculate Shares Outstanding repurchase program. Earnings Per Share – Calculated by taking a company’s net income and dividing it by the number of shares outstanding. The result allows investors to see how much of a company’s earnings that each share is entitled to. Further, EPS can be presented on either a “basic” or “diluted” basis.Basic EPS – Counts only common shares and no other potentially dilutive securities.

Issued and Outstanding Shares Versus Fully Diluted Shares

The number of outstanding shares can be found on a company’s most recent quarterly or annual filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission , usually on its balance sheet in the shareholders’ equity section. A higher number of outstanding stocks means a more stable company given greater price stability as it takes many more shares traded to create a significant movement in the stock price.

The company can increase or decrease the number of shares outstanding by issuing new shares or via share repurchases . In two months, the company’s management decides a share buyback of 1,000 shares. For each period, multiply the decimal result arrived at in step #2 by the number of shares outstanding during the applicable timeframe . This is the number of shares outstanding after the beginning and all entered stock transactions have been accounted for. In the row directly below this line, select the ending date of the period you are calculating outstanding shares for. Making money trading stocks takes time, dedication, and hard work.

By contrast, a reverse stock split occurs when a company seeks to elevate its share price. Often, a company does this to meet listing requirements, which often require a minimum share price. While shares outstanding account for company stock that includes restricted shares and blocks of institutional shares, floating stock specifically refers to shares that are available for trading. Floating stock is calculated by taking outstanding shares and subtracting restricted shares.

Floating stockis a narrower way of analyzing a company’s stock by shares. It excludes closely held shares, which are stock shares held by company insiders or controlling investors.